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COPD Risks are Discussed in The Gulf Thoracic Congress in Dubai

GulfThe in Dubai introduced the first-ever study into the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (). The researchers revealed that smoke from a traditional Emirati cooking method using wood ‘ may increase the risk of a lung disease normally associated with cigarette smoking and needs further investigation. Breathlessness results from COPD damaging the lungs and in the worst cases requires patients to be long-term drug treatment and oxygen therapy. Internationally about 80 % of COPD cases are related to cigarette smoking.

Dr. Ashraf Al Zaabi, lead researcher and Head of the Respiratory division, Zayed Military Hospital said “This is the first-ever study to investigate the prevalence of COPD in the UAE, taking a special look at the local risk factors associated with developing the disease, other than cigarette smoking which is reported globally to cause 80 percent of cases”. He added “What we can conclude from our study is that in those aged 40-80 years in COPD has a relatively low prevalence. We also found a significant association between COPD and exposure to tannour which would be worth looking at as part of a further investigation, as well as the role cigarette smoking plays in COPD in the UAE to see if it has as big an impact as it does in other parts of the world”.

A presentation from international expert in respiratory medicine, Professor Mario Cazzola, Chief of the Respiratory Clinical Pharmacology Unit, University of Rome, Italy, will be introduced at the Gulf Thoracic Congress on March 19. During the congress the study’s findings will be discussed as part of a session on COPD management. Professor Cazzola will highlight some topics like the ongoing global issue of the misdiagnosis of COPD as asthma – especially in women, poor and inadequate prescribing practices and failure to investigate the co-morbidities of COPD such as cardiovascular disease which need to be treated too.

Professor Cazzola revealed “COPD is under diagnosed and undertreated across the world and is the only major disease which is on the increase. So it is unsurprising that the World Health Organization has predicted that COPD will become the third leading cause of death across the globe, behind heart disease and stroke, by 2030″. COPD can be treated by short-acting and long-acting bronchodilators helping to make breathing easier through relaxing the muscles around the airways.

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